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ARR® Center for Anatomically
Correct Horsemanship

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47574 Goch
Phone: +49 (0) 2823 97555 09
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Cell Phone: +49 (0) 172 14 13 294
Cell Phone: +49 (0) 172-211 73 13


Horses with a burr under their saddle

Girthiness is commonly associated with the consequences of tightening the girth too quickly when the saddle is first put on. But although there has been so much progress in the field of saddle making during the last decades and the awareness of the importance of saddle fitting and careful girthing has positively changed, many of our modern riding horses across all breeds are girthy. On reflection, this does not come as a surprise. What if the reason for the girthiness of a large part of the horses concerned were to be found in the low back position?

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How to put backbone into horse training

A fundamental rule of horse training under saddle is that your horse has to "engage through the back". However, the background of this principle is unfamiliar to many riders and even trainers.

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Getting Started With Training After Rehabilitation

Patiently you have given your horse time to recover from an illness or injury. Then finally, after a control examination, the vet gives the green light for the rehabilitation phase. You are very happy – and very uncertain.

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ARR in Danish horse magazine Ridehesten

The very important Danish horse magazine Ridehesten has just published a big article on the ARR training method and the successful retraining of Danish warmblood stallion White Talisman.

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Uridelig af kissing spine

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Anatómiailag helyes lovaglás

Read the fourth part of the series of articles on ARR in the Hungarian horse magazine LOVAS ELET!

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Bending of the neck during therapy and/or correction on the lunge can lead to misunderstandings and therewith to misstatements which insinuate a wrong effect of the ARR system. Among these, also many statements are made without any knowledge of a basic schooling.

Let’s take the example of the load of joints and hooves on a supposedly small circle. If we look at the conventional way of lunging, which is carried out with auxiliary reins, the statement is absolutely legitimate. For many dangers are lurking if one isn’t aware of the biomechanics of the flight animal. One blindly assumes that certain things are carried out in a given way because that is the way it has always been done – and that is, so to say, the alleged right way.

A striking example is the increased training on to the forehand. Why are there discussions about the question of how far the neck is allowed to lower itself with the forward-downward movement to prevent the ‘falling onto the forehand’? This only testifies to insufficient anatomical and biomechanical knowledge of the problems in movement of the flight animal.

The serious horse-owner, who wants to understand the essential problems of his or her horse, has to deal with the movement problems of the horse. In doing so, the Why needs to be in front of the How!

In order to assess the meaning of the circle for the horse, how it perceives the circle and in how far this is of any importance, we need to have a look at the past. About 350 years ago we had the knowledge of how to train horses on a circle: from the shoulder-fore to the shoulder-in, in order to put across the understanding of the diagonal. Because this way the horse can develop the capacity to carry itself.

If we want to apply this basic principle in our time, in which basically everyone can buy the horse of his or her dreams, we need to find an alternative. Alternatives are ways which enable today’s riders with their own and independent thinking to understand the principle of straightening in a modern way without neglecting the goal of a healthy and powerful horse. The key lies in the art and ability of teaching an untaught creature how to move on a circle.

That all mammals lose their balance over their shoulder – and not in the neck area as commonly suspected – should belong to general knowledge! So the beginning of the ‘carrying itself’ should start in the shoulder. But because of the natural crookedness we are confronted with the negative diagonal here: the handedness!

The neck of a horse which in the biomechanics of the flight animal moves on the forehand, serves as a mere control device. This way, the first goal of the basic schooling needs to be the achievement of throughness of the neck. In practice this means that the horse needs to be bend – all the way to the shoulder. If this is achieved, the most serious and difficult part of the schooling begins: by a shift onto the outer hind leg we stop the crooked horse from falling on his shoulder. For this a short overbending is necessary, which, however, has to be transformed into a flexion as fast as possible as the flexion stabilizes the diagonal. This process brings the inner hindleg into the centre of gravity. Now the horse is able to walk on a big circle because it is straight. The back is swinging upwards which relieves the joints of the body’s load which in turn activates the metabolism and stimulates the circulation of the musculature.

In sum: the same as in homeopathy problems are treated with the like or the same. If a horse by nature cannot walk on a circle we need to teach him how to. And this can only be done by means of bending and flexion.

A little more knowledge about the above described anatomical behaviour of the flight animal would lighten the lives of many of those precious quadrupeds….

…or even save their lives!